Hmong Americans are the largest Asian ethnic group in the state of Wisconsin. Allies of the United States in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War and later stages of the Laotian Civil War, they started seeking asylum as political refugees after the communist takeover in both nations in 1975. They were subject to targeted attacks in Laos and more than one hundred thousand Hmong were estimated to have been killed in the aftermath.

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, there were 49,240 Hmong persons living in Wisconsin, making up 0.9% of the state's population. Wisconsin has the third-largest Hmong population, after California and Minnesota. In the Madison area they are about 4,230 Hmong people live here. As of 2014, the largest Hmong populations in the state are located in Madison, Green Bay/Appleton(Fox Valley), La Crosse, Milwaukee, Sheboygan, and Wausau.

Madison: The Wisconsin Hmong Association (WHA) and Hmong Madison Community celebrate their New Year on the last weekend of November. The daytime programs includes special guest speakers, culture show, food, Flea Market, traditional ball tossing, eating, buying gifts, competitions, etc. The evening programs celebrate the passing of the old year and welcoming of the new with song and dance. Often time there will be special band or special singer(s) from other states or country.